NATURAL RESOURCES





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What are Natural Resources:


Natural Resources are materials or substances that are made by God (not man-made) that can be used or has utility or purpose. They occur naturally within environments that exist relatively undisturbed by humanity, in a natural form. Natural resources are materials and components (something that can be used) that can be found within the environment. Every man-made product is composed of natural resources (at its fundamental level). A natural resource may exist as a separate entity such as fresh water, and air, as well as a living organism such as a fish, or it may exist in an alternate form which must be processed to obtain the resource such as metal ores, oil, and most forms of energy. Click HERE to go to a more interactive and visual website with information on this topic.

Examples of Natural Resources in the Caribbean:


No.
Country Name
Resources
1
Trinidad & Tobago
Petroleum, Natural Gas, Asphalt, Timber, Fish
2
Guyana
Timber, Bauxite, Gold, Diamonds
3
Jamaica
Bauxite, Coffee, Cocoa
4
Suriname
Bauxite, Gold, Petroleum, Rice, Bananas, Fish
5
Grenada
Nutmeg, Cocoa, Bananas
6
St. Lucia
Bananas, Coconuts
7
Belize
Forests, Citrus, Beef
8
Dominica
Bananas, Citrus, Coconuts

Click HERE to play a game about identifying Natural Resources. You can also click HERE for a natural resources puzzle.

Renewable vs. Non-Renewable Resources:







What is Natural Resource Management?


Trinidad & Tobago's environment is at the centre of our national identity and our economy. We get a significant proportion of the nation's wealth from its environmental assets, including agriculture, mining and tourism.

Natural Resource Management is the taking care of natural resources such as land, water, marine and biological systems, with a particular focus on how the management affects the quality of life for both present and future generations. It’s about the long-term effect of actions - thinking about the future and not just about now. It also refers to the management of natural resources such as land, water, plants and animals, with a particular focus on how management affects the quality of life for both present and future generations.

Conserving Natural Resources:


Conservation can be defined as the management of human interaction with the physical resources so as to ensure that it is preserved for use by future generations.




Resources are features of environment that are important and value of to human in one form or the other. However, the advancement of modern civilization has had a great impact on our planet's natural resources. So, conserving natural resources is very essential today. There are many ways that one can conserve natural resources. All you need to do is to look around and see what natural resources you are using and find out ways to limit your usage. Most of the people use natural gas to heat their water and their home. You can monitor how much you are using this resource to minimize its usage.
For conservation of natural resources like natural gas, one can get tank less water heater as it reduces the usage of natural gas. The other way to save natural gas is the use of another energy source for instance hydro, solar or wind power are all healthy and great alternatives to conserving natural resources. In fact these energy sources are clean and healthy for environment. Moreover, these energy sources do not emit or produced harmful gases or toxin into our environment like that of the burning fossil fuels at the same time they are renewable as well as are not easy to deplete.
Today, most of the people are finding many ways for conserving natural resources. One of the great option before is Hydro-power and solar power. Power can be generated from these sources and these are the best ways for natural resources conservation like fossil fuels. There is also way to conserve natural resource like trees. It can be conserve through recycling process. Many products come from the trees like papers, cups, cardboard and envelopes. By recycling these products you can reduce the number of trees cut down a year. One should make the most use of these paper products without being wasteful and then recycle them. This is one great way for conserving natural resources.
Fossil fuels on Earth will not last forever; we need to conserve these fossil fuels. To conserve fossil fuels one can choose to buy a hybrid car. Some of these cars will run on electricity combined with using small amounts of gas. Some hybrid cars just run on electricity. Either way it is a great way for conserving natural resources when it is concern with fossil fuels.


Over-exploitation of Natural Resources:


Over-exploitation of natural resources can be defined as the harvesting or extraction of natural resources to the point that it could lead to the destruction or depletion of the resource. e.g overfishing.



Economic Consequences of Over-exploitation:


  • Landslide and flooding do great damage to crops, livestock and property. Depletion of top soil means that valuable nutrients are lost and therefore results in poor crop yields for farmers. This means that they make less profits from the sale of agricultural crops.

  • Depletion of natural resources means less food to feed the population and less resources to sell to other countries. The country will therefore be unable to feel itself as a nation, which will result in spending more money on importing food items.

  • There will be an increase in unemployment because the land is unproductive. No one will be employed to work the land, catch fish, etc.

  • Pollution or flooding can affect the economy because the government will have to spend money to clean up the environment, as well as to pay farmers for their loss of crops and animals.